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阿根廷科尔多瓦新市政中心

2012-11-19 11:43 来源:一典鸿艺术网

这是阿根廷科尔多瓦省为其建政两百年而修改的综合行政中心纪念大楼。它位于城市乡结合部,邻近城市铁道,并有一条河流穿过。原来这个区域有很多住宅区被河流和铁道分开,而这座行政中心的修建改变了这个现状,因为随之修建了两座行车道通向两岸。

该建筑分为AB两栋,分三期建设,现在第一期已完工。

A栋是一个中高层的混凝土棱体,高45米,宽26米,在16米的高度做了20度的折面,一系列三角形折面形成了特殊的光影效果。为了让建筑更具立体感,建筑师在三角形折面上做出棱形的镂空,旁边修建一座浅水池,形成具有标示性的建筑形象。

B栋是一个低矮平展的停车场和管理中心。B栋由A栋演变而来。其最大特色是B建筑的表面金属网可爬满攀援植物,可调节微气候,冬暖夏凉。B建筑平层顶上做成屋顶花园。办公区域从屋顶花园上冒出来,外表玻璃幕墙反映着天空、绿色花园以及A栋的靓影。

二期完成后将进行第三期的会议中心建设,会议中心将有一部分掩埋在土地中,形成人造的山丘与周围的公园交融。


英文介绍:

The Bicentennial Civic Center will be the first administrative complex to have been designed specifically for that end by the Province of Córdoba, Argentina.

It is located on the edge of the historic center of the city, on a lot that used to belong to the railway tracks. One of its sides, measuring more than 700 meters, was adjacent to the River Suquia, and constituted a physical barrier drastically separating the neighborhoods on both sides of the river. This new urban operation will help diminish the image of the river as backyard of the city, thus transforming the whole sector into a new downtown front.

In order to enhance this transformation, new vehicular infrastructure consisting of two bridges across the river and connecting roads has been built; and the landscaping of the River Suquia Promenade -started many years ago- has been completed. The Civic Center will be built in three stages; stage one (which has recently been completed)

consists of two buildings, A and B.

Building A

A medium-rise building housing the ministries dominates the complex: a faceted prism made out of concrete. It is based on a square cuboid 45 meters high and with a side measuring 26 meters, which at a height of 16 meters suffers a 20-degree rotation. This movement generates a more complex morphology based on triangles, which in turn produces a very particular play of shadows and light. To avoid the flat character present in the early studies for the triangular facades produced by the rotation, a series of geometric rhomboid-based combinations were explored in order to instill tri-dimensionality to the very planes of the facades. The prism is placed over a shallow pool, which can easily be emptied to work as a civic plaza housing events.

Building B

In contrast with Building A, Building B is a horizontal slab and houses administrative functions. It is placed over a concrete base incorporating parking and areas that foster interrelationships and social events. Its language is related to that of Building A, including the rhomboids but changing their scale.

On top of this rests a green volume, which is enclosed by a metal mesh enabling deciduous vines to climb freely. The vines help regulate temperature, allowing sunshine to reach the building in winter while sheltering it in the summer. The roof is also green and is covered by grass and flowers. The extension of this building means there is a large area free of partitions so that offices can be arranged as desired.

The Governor´s house is placed over this plane and consists of a single story freestanding object with mirror-clad faces, with alternating reflections of the sky and the green plane over which it rests.

In a second stage of the project the administrative area will be completed, and a Convention Center will be built as a third and final stage. This Convention Center will be partially buried, and will take the shape of an artificial, grass-covered hill, in continuity with the adjacent landscaped areas.

CREDITS AND DATA:

Project title: CENTRO CIVICO DEL BICENTENARIO

ocation: Córdoba, Argentina.

Client: Government of the Province - Córdoba

Completion / construction: 2011- 2012

Architects: GGMPU Arquitectos – Gramática/Morini/Pisani/Urtubey + Lucio Morini

Project Manager:Arq. Guillermo Pozzobón

Collaborators: Arqs. Julia Garayoa, Adrián Castagno, Verónica Gordillo, Diego Andres Gómez, Mariana Pelliza, Guadalupe Daher, Cecilia Villareal, Luciana Antonucci,

Agustín Elies, Gonzalo Manzanares.

Consultants: Fragueiro & Novillo Ings., Arq. H. Pasetti, Ingenia, Tecnoseguridad, M.

Mangupli & CIA, Peusso , Twins Ingenieria, Vanoli & Associates, Decibel, Tecno Riego, Del Bianco & Associates.



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